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ATO Wiretaps

The Federal Government is seriously considering giving the ATO wiretap powers, or more accurately, powers to access metadata, including stored phone calls, emails and SMSs.

A Government committee has argued that these powers are necessary to protect against serious crime, such as tax fraud, and noted that “Al Capone was caught through the tax system.” I kid you not.

I will leave the critique of an argument that leads from the premise of Al Capone to the conclusion of ATO needing more power to the logicians. My primary concern is that it is absolutely crazy to give the ATO more power when the Inspector General of Taxation and other Federal Government committees have already concluded that the ATO is abusing its current powers.

I have described them as monkeys with machine guns. This will potentially give the monkeys a surface to air missile.

It may surprise people that the ATO does not currently have the power to intercept telecommunications. There is a very good reason for this – the ATO currently must pass on the role of criminal investigation and prosecution to the crime authorities, specifically the Australian Crime Commission and the Australian Federal Police. Those authorities of course have the power to investigate all Federal crimes (including tax fraud), and can access telecommunication to do so.

However, there is a critical oversight role in that any warrant must be approved by a Federal Court judge. While this is quite easy to do in practice, it forces the bodies involved to turn their attention to the existence and seriousness of potential crime.

It is well established that the ATO can use its own significant investigative powers for the purposes of auditing and amending assessments. These powers can be (and are) used without any suspicion of wrongdoing – simply as a fishing expedition. The logic is that this is acceptable as far as it goes, because the ATO is simply raising assessments (although I have huge problems with this power being abused as well).

What happens when the ATO’s wide reaching powers are merged with the kind of powers usually reserved for criminal investigation and then only with the oversight of the courts? The power will be enormous, and the potential for abuse of that power will be correspondingly frightening.

I am genuinely concerned about the impact of these proposed changes on the rights of small businesses and individuals. As always with such measures, it is not the criminals who will be affected – there are already significant powers that can be used appropriately to catch the crooks. The people who will be affected are the kind of people I act for: people who do nothing wrong and are targeted by the ATO because of a data matching computer’s algorithm which no-one truly understands.

This is scary stuff.


  

Posted in: Tax & ATO News Australia at 28 September 15

ATO calls for more power!

The ATO has extensive investigative powers including, entering premises, demanding the provision of information in writing or by interview, demanding the provision of documents and issuing an offshore information exchange demand for documents, yet the ATO still wants more power. The ATO has called for the wire tapping laws to be changed so that it can access real time communications such as live phone calls. Under current law, only criminal law-enforcement agencies like the State Police and the Australian Federal Police can access prospective or real time data.  The ATO can only apply for warrants to gain access to “stored communications” such as emails, voice mails and SMS messages.

 

In its submission to the Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence, the ATO stated that, "allowing the ATO's criminal investigators access to real-time telecommunications data will enable the ATO to become far more responsive to attempts to defraud the commonwealth through credit and refund fraud”.  In addition to this, the ATO submitted that communication data should be stored for up to two years which is consistent with the European Union Data Retention Directive.
 
It will be interesting to see how this one plays out, particularly because it raises issues about privacy.
 

Posted in: Tax & ATO News Australia at 17 December 12

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Tax & ATO News Australia

Author: David Hughes

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